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Dr Pawan Yadav

Revolutionising Asthma Management: The Role of Monoclonal Antibodies

Asthma remains a formidable global health challenge, impacting millions worldwide and claiming hundreds of thousands of lives annually. Dr. Pavan Yadav, Lead Consultant in Interventional Pulmonology & Lung Transplantation at Aster RV Hospital, sheds light on the prevalence and significance of asthma, emphasizing the need for targeted interventions to address this pervasive condition.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), asthma affects an estimated 262 million people globally, with approximately 455,000 deaths attributed to the disease each year. Regional disparities in asthma prevalence underscore the multifactorial nature of the condition, with factors such as air quality, healthcare access, and socioeconomic conditions exerting significant influence.

In India, urbanization and air pollution contribute to the escalating burden of asthma, exacerbating the challenges of under-diagnosis and under-treatment prevalent in lower-middle-income countries. Dr. Yadav's insights underscore the urgent need for tailored approaches to asthma management, particularly for individuals with severe, uncontrolled symptoms.

A compelling case history illustrates the complexities of severe asthma management, highlighting the limitations of conventional therapies in addressing the diverse needs of patients. Despite adherence to standard treatments, including high-dose inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta agonists, the patient experienced recurrent exacerbations, necessitating systemic steroids and frequent hospitalizations.

A comprehensive evaluation, encompassing differential diagnoses and advanced testing modalities, culminated in the identification of eosinophilic asthma and the initiation of monoclonal antibody therapy. Dr. Yadav emphasizes the transformative impact of targeted therapies like mepolizumab, which selectively target key immunological pathways implicated in asthma pathogenesis.

Monoclonal antibodies represent a paradigm shift in asthma management, offering precise, personalized treatment options for patients with refractory symptoms. Dr. Yadav delineates the main types of monoclonal antibodies used in asthma, elucidating their mechanisms of action, indications, and dosing regimens.

The assessment of therapy efficacy is multifaceted, encompassing clinical evaluation and objective outcome measures to gauge treatment response. Reduction in exacerbation rates, improvement in lung function, symptom control, and enhancements in quality of life serve as key benchmarks in evaluating therapy success.

In light of the promising outcomes observed with monoclonal antibody therapy, Dr. Yadav issues a call to action, urging healthcare providers and patients alike to consider this advanced treatment option for severe asthma. By leveraging targeted interventions and personalized approaches, we can empower individuals with asthma to regain control of their health and enhance their quality of life.

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